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English 8 Literary Terms

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together.

Allusion
A reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, the arts, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports or science.

Author
The writer of literary work or document.

Autobiography
a persons account of his or her own life or part of it

Biography
an account of persons life or of part of it, written or told by another person.

Characterization
The way a writer reveals the personality of the character.

Drama
a work of literature meant to be performed for an audience by actors

Exaggeration
Overstating something usually for the purpose of creating a comic effect.

Exposition
the kind of writing that explains or gives information

Fiction
a prose account that is made up rather than true

Flashback
Interruption in the present action of a plot to show events that happened at a earlier time.

Foreshadowing
the use of clues of hints to suggest events that will occur late in the plot.

Historical fiction
a novel , story, or play set during a real historic era.

Idiom
an expression peculiar to a particular language that means somthing different from the literal meaning of the words

Imagery
language that appeal to sences

Irony
a contrast between expectotion and reality

Literary device
the devices a writer uses to develop style and convey meaning

Metaphor
an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing.

Mood
Overall feeling of a work of literature.

Plot
the series of related events that make up a story.

Poetry
a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imaginations.

Point of view
the vantage point form which a story is told.

Prose
any writing that is not poetry.

Protagonist
the main character in a work of literature.

Resolution
the final part of the story.

Setting
the time and place of a story, play or narrative poem.

Short story
a short fictional prose narrative

Simile
A comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.

Subplot
A minor plot that relates in some way to the main story.

Symbol
A person, a place, a thing, or an event that has a meaning in itself and stands for something beyond itself.

Theme
The general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals.

Tone
The attitude the writer takes toward his or her subject, characters and audience.

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