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Archetype test, Poetry terms, writing terms, literary terms

Archetypes
a recurring pattern of character, symbol, and situation

3 types of archetypes
character, symbolic, situational

5 characteristics of archetypes
universal, recurring, not knowable, connects us to our past, characteristics

Water/Desert
symbolic

Quest
situational

Circle of Life
symbolic

Battle between good and evil
situational

Light/darkness
symbolic

Mentor
helps guide the main character throughout the story

Describe the fall
goes from a higher to lower level

5 characteristics of a hero
romantic, tragic, comic, epic, flaw

How do morning & spring represent in the death/rebirth archetype?
morning/spring-birth, rebirth

The Initiation
situational archetypes

The hero
character archetypes

heaven-hell
symbolic

the task
situational

the mentors
character

Supernatural intervention
symbolic

the journey
situational

father-son conflict
character

evil figure vs good heart
character

Haven vs wilderness
symbolic

the scapegoat
character

battle between good and evil
situational a.

fire vs ice
symbolic

the woman figure
character

natural vs mechanical world
situational

loyal retainers
character

innate wisdom vs educational stupidity
symbolic

the hunting group of companions
character

the ritual
situational

the un-healable wound
situational

the young man from the provinces
character

supernatural intervention
symbolic

the circle of life
symbolic

the outcast
character

the initiates
character

the mentor-pupil relationship
character

The devil figure
character

the creature of nightmare
character

magic weapon
symbolic

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words—She sells seashells…

allusion
reference to another person, place or literary work

aphorism
a pithy saying that holds truth–if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it

analogy
comparison between unlike things

archetype
patterns of symbol, character, and situation found in lterature

characterization
means by which a writer reveals characters

connotation
emotional meaning of a word

dialect
regional forms of language

diction
writer’s choice of words

figurative language
writing not meant to be taken literally

flashback
an interruption in plot to relate an earlier event

foreshadowing
use of clues to suggest future events

hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration

imagery
language that appeals to the 5 senses

metaphor
a comparison without using like or as

motif
a recurring theme, subject or idea

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

oxymoron
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms

personification
attributing human characteristics to nonhuman objects

point of view
perspective from which a story is told

pun
play on words

rhetorical shift
a change in tone or attitude

setting
time and place of action

simile
comparison using like or as

symbol
something that represents something else

denotation
dictionary definition of a word

mood
feeling created by the author

suspense
feeling of curiosity or uncertainty

theme
central message of a work

tone
writer’s attitude toward the subject

essay
multi-paragraph paper that expresses an opinion

concluding paragraph
restates the thesis in a different way, gives the paper purpose

thesis
states the purpose of the paper

introduction
first paragraph that includes the thesis

topic sentence
states the purpose of a paragraph

concluding sentence
last sentence that acts as a transition, mostly opinion

body paragraph
develops the support for the thesis

pre-writing
organizing examples and support for position

concrete detail
sentence that offers facts, examples, and details

commentary
sentence that is opinion, insight, and analysis

speaker
the narrator of a poem

line
a group of words on one line of a poem

stanza
a group of lines arranged together

couplet
a two line stanza

rhythm
can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain

meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

Free Verse Poetry
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

approximate rhyme
imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme

rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters

onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name

alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry

refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

simile
a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles

metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things

extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work

implied metaphor
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated

hyperbole
exageration often used for emphasis

litotes
understatement for effect

idiom
an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression

personification
an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities

symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else

allusion
a reference in a literary work to something famous

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

lyric poem
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea, or describes a scene

ballad
a song or songlike poem that rhymes

Shakespearean Sonnet
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

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